PHP, a popular scripting language for web development, is known for its versatility and efficiency. However, like any language, it’s not without its quirks and common errors. In this article, we’ll explore five frequent PHP errors and provide practical solutions to fix them, enhancing your web development experience.

1. Syntax Error

Error Message: “Parse error: syntax error, unexpected…”

Cause: This error is typically caused by a missing bracket, semicolon, or some other syntax mistake.

Solution: Carefully check your code for any syntax inconsistencies. Pay special attention to missing semicolons, brackets, and misplaced quotation marks.

2. Missing or Incorrect Database Credentials

Error Message: “Warning: mysql_connect(): Access denied for user…”

Cause: This error occurs when your PHP script can’t establish a connection to the database, often due to incorrect database credentials (username, password, or host).

Solution: Verify your database credentials and ensure they match those in your PHP configuration file. Also, check your database server to ensure it’s running and accessible.

3. White Screen of Death

Error Message: A blank white screen with no error message.

Cause: Often caused by a fatal error that stops the script from running further, but error reporting is turned off.

Solution: Enable error reporting by adding the following code at the beginning of your PHP file: error_reporting(E_ALL); ini_set('display_errors', 1);. This will help identify the actual error causing the white screen.

4. Header Already Sent

Error Message: “Warning: Cannot modify header information – headers already sent by…”

Cause: This error occurs if your PHP script has sent output to the browser before using functions like header(), setcookie(), or session_start().

Solution: Ensure there is no HTML or whitespace before your PHP opening tag <?php. Also, check for any echo or print statements before header() functions.

5. Function Not Found

Error Message: “Fatal error: Call to undefined function…”

Cause: This happens when you try to call a function that has not been defined or is misspelled.

Solution: Check the function name for typos. Ensure that the file containing the function is included in your script using require or include statements.

Finishing up…

Understanding and resolving common PHP errors is a crucial part of web development. These solutions should help you troubleshoot effectively. Remember, careful coding and thorough, systematic testing can prevent many of these errors.

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Please note: the information in this post is correct to the best of our endeavours and knowledge at the original time of publication. We do not routinely update articles.